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Ala Rengîn





Ev ala kurdî - sala 1920î de ji hêla Tekîlatî Îctîmaîye Cemîyetî ve hatiye pejirandin û Shêyx Mehmûdê Berzincî jî ev al pejirandiye. Ev agahdarî ji hêla Zinar Silopî (Qedrî Cemîl Paayî) ve hatiye ragehandin.






The aim of this document is to introduce, in brief, the history of the current National Flag of Kurdistan
and to help those who use the Kurdish national flag to reproduce it correctly. The document contains
the basic rules for the construction of the flag as well as the standard colors to be used.


The National Flag was first introduced by the founders of “Society for the Uplift of Kurdistan”
movement to represent the Kurds in their struggle for independence from the moribund Ottoman
Empire. It was subsequently presented to the members of the international delegation at the Paris Peace
Conference that devised a plan for Kurdish independence as a part of the Treaty of Sèrves with
Ottoman Turkey in 1920. Under the same flag Kurdish leaders of the Khoyboun, (Xoybún
"independence") announced the formation of the first "Kurdish Government in Exile" in 1927 and
fought a drawn-out war until 1932, in order to revive the Kurdish national independence, lost since

In 1946 and the creation of the Republic of Kurdistan at Mehabad, the old "sunny flag" was adopted by
its parliament* as the official Flag of the Republic. Following these historic background, the National
Flag is widely adopted in Kurdistan and has been set aloft by various Kurdish movements and entities
in all sectors of the land.

Bazar- Nitman, Hewlr, 2015


The "sunny flag" has thus been consecrated by the blood of all Kurdish patriots of this century, from
tens of thousands who fell in defending the independence movement under the Khoyboun, to the
President of the Republic of Kurdistan and his elected cabinet who were hanged in sight of this flag by
the foe. The flag was aloft when Dersim was immolated in 1938; it was aloft when wounded Kurds on
stretchers were placed before the firing squads in 1980; it was aloft when Kurdish civilians were gassed
in their thousands in cities and towns in 1988; it was aloft when millions were driven from their
villages and towns that have been set alight since 1989; and, it remains aloft everywhere today--150
years after the loss of Kurdish independence--when Kurds are redoubling their perennial struggle to
regain their dignity and equality with other nations by reviving their right to choose the course of their
own future.









The National Flag of Kurdistan consists of a tricolor field and central emblem.


The Kurdish flag has three horizontal bands. The upper stripe is red, the middle one white and the
bottom band green. The width of the flag is two-thirds of the length. (Figure 1)





The primary Kurdish characteristic of the flag is the golden sun emblem at the center. The sun emblem
has a religious and cultural history among the Kurds, stretching into antiquity. The sun disk of the
emblem has 21 rays, equal in size and shape. The number 21 holds a primary importance in the native
Yazdani religious tradition of the Kurds. (Figure 2)






Using the given flag dimensions of 2:3, the sun disk has a diameter of 1.0 including the rays and
0.5 without them. These rays have straight sides, come to a sharp point at their outer end, and form an
inverse point where they meet each other and the central disk. (Figure 3)



The sun appears in the exact center of the flag. (Figure 4)





The sun is placed so that the flag's vertical meridian passes through its topmost point. (Figure 5)





        The flag is in the following color:


*PMS = PANTONE® Matching System
Special thanks for the consultation provided by The Flag Institute (on technical issues) and Prof. Mehrdad Izady (on
historical issues)

Dr. Bijan Eliasi


*) A Short Note: This Kurdish National Flag adopted by National Assembly of Kurdistan Republic of Mahabad 1947 with a modification: A pen and two ears of corn replaced arround it's sun in the middle of the flag, SARA Distribution.









































Foundation For Kurdish Library & Museum