JIYAN Û AHENGÊN KURDÊN ÎSRAÎLÊ

KURDISH JEWS OF ISRAEL

Home  |  Destpêk  |  Ana Sayfa

 

 

Zurnevan Sadiq Zekeria

 

 

Kurdish Jews, Jews of Kurdistan (Yehudot Kurdistan; Yahudoye Kurdish: Kurdistan) are the ancient Jewish communities inhabiting the land Kurdistan which is by now occupied by Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Azerbaijan and Armenıa. The clothing and culture of Kurdısh Jews is similar to neighbouring Muslim Kurds. Until their immigration to Israel in the 1940s and early 1950s, the Jews of Kurdistan lived as a closed ethnic communities.

There are old bonds between Jews and Kurds. Tradition holds that Jews first arrived in the area of modern Kurdistan after the Assyrian conquest of the Kingdom of Israel during the 8th century BC; they were subsequently relocated to the Assyrian capital. During the first century BC, the royal house of Adiabene, whose capital was Arbil (Aramaic: Arbala; Kurdish: Hewler), was converted to Judaism. King Monobazes, his queen Helena, and his son and successor Izates are recorded as the first proselytes.

According to the memoirs of Benjamin of Tudela and Pethahiah of Regensburg, there were about 100 Jewish settlements and substantial Jewish population in Kurdistan in 12th century A.D. Benjamin of Tudela also gives the account of David Alroi, the messianic leader from central Kurdistan, who rebelled against the king of Persia and had plans to lead the Jews back to Jerusalem. These travellers also report of well-established and wealthy Jewish communities in Mosul, which was the commercial and spiritual center of Kurdistan. Many Jews fearful of approaching crusaders, had fled from Syria and Palestine to Babylonia and Kurdistan. The Jews of Mosul enjoyed some degree of autonomy over managing their own community.

Tanna'it Asenath Barzani, who lived in Mosul from 1590 to 1670, was the daughter of Rabbi Samuel Barzani of Kurdistan. She later married Jacob Mizrahi Rabbi of Amadiyah (in Southern Kurdistan - "Iraq") who lectured at a yeshiva. She was famous for her knowledge of the Torah, Talmud, Kabbalah and Jewish law. After the early death of her husband, she became the head of the yeshiva at Amadiyah, and eventually was recognized as the chief instructor of Torah in Kurdistan. She was called tanna'it (female Talmudic scholar), practiced mysticism, and was reputed to have known the secret names of God Asenath is also well known for her poetry and excellent command of the Hebrew language. She wrote a long poem of lament and petition in the traditional rhymed metrical form. Her poems are among the few examples of the early modern Hebrew texts written by women

Among the most important Jewish shrines in Kurdistan are the tombs of Biblical prophets, such as that of Nahum in Alikush, Jonah in Nabi Yunis (ancient Nineveh), and Daniel in Kirkuk. There are also several caves supposedly visited by Elijah. All are venerated by Jews today.

Kurdish Jews have also been active in the Zionist movement. One of the most famous members of Lehi (Freedom Fighters of Israel) was Moshe Barazani, whose family immigrated from southern Kurdistan and settled in Jerusalem in the late 1920s. Important in the preservation of their traditions and especially their language, Aramaic, after migration was the work of Yona Sabar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serokkomarê Îsraîlê Shîmon Peres li govenda kurdî

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orly, Yosi Zaken (İsrail Devleti'nin Dünya Kürdleri ile ilişkiler sorumlusu), Jill Rosenberg, İsrael Daniel, Tzadik Zacharia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Israel Daniel (ortada oturan, folkloorcu), Zaken (sol başta ayakta duran. Çok güzel Kürdçe biliyor).
& arkadaşlarından oluşan Kudüs Kürd Folklor Ekibi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rêzdar Kak Zaken û hevalên wî li Newroza 2019an li Ûrşelîmê (Qudsê)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rêzdar Kak Zaken & Zacharia & û hevalên wî li Newroza 2019an li Ûrşelîmê (Qudsê)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B. W.






 

 

Zurrnevan Ronên Yona (kurrê Nîsan Sorchî)

 

 

Ronên Yona bi kincên resen (orgînal)

 

Deholvan Boez Yona

 

 

Dengê defê û govenda xortan

 

Dîmenek ji shahiya jinhanînê

 

Dîmenek ji shahiya jinhanînê

 

Dîmenek ji shahiya jinhanînê

Ahengên Kurdên Îsraîl'ê

Daweta zava û bûkê
Sinnet
Roja bûnê
Roja 13-salî
Konser
Mîhrîcan

Hejî gotinê ye, ku Koma Sorçiyan her dem beşdariyê dike. Ji bil vê jî, cihê şanaziyê ye, ku em bibêjin, ku kurdên îsraîlê folklora kurdî bi awayekî kurdî parastine. Ev taybetmendiya wan, dilê me xweş dike.

Fermon li vê wênê binerin:

.

Zurrne: Ronên kurrê Nîsan Yona Sorçî
Dehol: Bûez kurrê Nîsan Yona Sorçî

 

 

 

Îsrail kürdlerinin folklor geleneği eskidir

 

 

 

 

Çend dîmen ji jiyana kurdên Îsraîlê

 

Wêne: Diyarî ji Înat Amranî

 

Helwe Dîno

 

Shemûn Levî

 

Sorchî guh didan stran, deng û bahsên welêt ji Radyoya Bexdadê

 

Nîsan û Regîna Sorçî

Nîsan Sorçî û Recîne Koyî her roj guhdariya Radyoya Bexdadê Besa kurdî dikin. Xwarin û vexwarinên kurdî, cil û bergên kurdî, stran û amorên (înstrument) kurdî, besek bingehîn a jiyana kurdên Îsraîl'ê ye. Mam Nîsan dibêje:

- Sebra min bê zimanê kurdî na hêt.

Recîna Koyî dibêje:

- Xwostir le ziman-î kurdî û kurdewarî bawer na kem hebê.

 

Koma Heft Xushk û Heft Bira - kinc û grêdanên wan resen in. Wêne ji Muzexaneya Ûrshelîm'ê

 

Koma Heft Xwusk û heft bira, kinc û grêdanên wan resen in, Wêne Ji Muzexaneya Ûrshelîm'ê

 

 

Gundê Meî Amî

 

 

Dîmenek ji shahiya malbatê

 

Dîmenek ji shahiyê

 

Dîmenek din ji shahiyê

 

 

 

 

 

Zurnevan, deholvan Ronên Yona


Kurdish folklore costume in the colors of traditional Lapland clothing.

The Lapon (Sami) and Kurdish peoples have many common sides. Indigenous peoples have many things in common in their social lives.
The Sami people supported the Kurdish freedom struggle as well. During the 1990s, the Sami associations in the Nordic countries collected $1 million USD and donated it
to a Kurdish annual aäd for war-wounded Kurds following Turkish attacks on the Kurdish villages. As is well known, at 1990ies five thousand Kurdish villages
were destroyed by the Islamist Turkish military.

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TZADIK ZACHARIA (Sadiq Zekeriya)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Besîr Sebrî Botanî (Siyabend), li devera El-Celîlê.

DI NAVBERA SALÊN 1988-1989'ê Hunermend Besîr Botanî van wêneyan kom kir

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Besîr Sebrî Botanî (Siyabend)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Curn li Cizîr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Curn li Cizîr'ê & Mem & Zîn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JEWS OF KURDISTAN ARRIVING TO ISRAEL 1951

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JEWS OF KURDISTAN ARRIVING TO ISRAEL 1951

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JEWS OF KURDISTAN ARRIVING TO ISRAEL 1951

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JEWS OF KURDISTAN ARRIVING TO ISRAEL 1951

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JEWS OF KURDISTAN ARRIVING TO ISRAEL 1951

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISRAEL.KURD - Publisher Dawûd Kurdistanî

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kurdên Cihû yên li Îsraîlê li xwepêşandanekê li dij rejîma Saddam Husên, 1991

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kurdish Jews Letter1940s

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amêdî

 

Asenath Barzani was the daughter of the eminent Rabbi Shmuel B Netanel Ha-Levi of Kurdistan (born 1560– death ca 1635/1670?) and she was a renowned Kurdish Jewish woman who lived in Mosul and died in Amadiya. Her writings demonstrate her mastery of Hebrew, Torah, Talmud, Midrash, and Kabbalah.


She was considered the first female rabbi of Jewish history by some scholars; additionally, she also were the oldest recorded female Kurdish leader in history. Of other scholars, Barzani was though given the title Tanna’it, a very rare honour for a Jewish woman. The title of Tanna'it, and her role as head of a yeshiva a rabbinical school, is not equivalent to being a rabbi, and hence she is regarded as a rare example of a female Rabbinical Teacher (but not an actual rabbi which equals a judge) in pre-20th century traditional Judaism. Her father, a scholar and mystic with a large following, aimed to rectify the plight of his brethren, namely, the dearth of educated leaders. He built a yeshiva in Mosul where he hoped to train young men who would become community leaders and scholars. Since he had no sons, he trained his daughter to be a learned scholar of the highest order. In the letter she wrote:
"I never left the entrance to my house or went outside;


I was like a princess of Israel...


I grew up on the laps of scholars, anchored to my father of blessed memory.
I was never taught any work but sacred study, to uphold, as it is said:
“And you should recite it day and night (Joshua 1: 8)” (Mann I: 511).
Asenath was married to one of her father’s finest students, Rabbi Jacob Mizrahi. She described the conditions of their marriage in the continuation of the above letter:


“And he (my father) made my partner swear never to allow me to engage in work, and thus he did as he was commanded. From the start, the Rabbi (Mizrahi) was involved in his studies and did not have time to teach the students, so I would teach them in his stead, a helpmate...” Thus Rabbi Mizrahi agreed to conditions whereby Asnat would never have to spend her time on housework, because she was a Torah scholar like himself. After her father died, her husband technically became the head of the Yeshiva, but in fact it was Asenath who taught the students who had come for rabbinic training.


When her husband passed away, the leadership of the yeshiva naturally passed to his widow, and since she already had been the students’ teacher, the transition was natural and painless. Unfortunately, neither her father nor her husband had been successful fundraisers and the yeshiva was always in financial straits. Asenath wrote a number of letters requesting funds in which she described the dire situation that had befallen her and her children. Her home and belongings had been confiscated, as had their clothing and books. She was still teaching Torah, but the debts were adding up and, as a woman, she felt it was inappropriate for her to travel in search of financial support. In letters addressed to her, one can see the respect and admiration of fellow rabbis from far and near.


Few of her writings are extant, but one can perceive in them her complete mastery of Torah, Talmud, Midrash, Kabbalah and Hebrew, for her letters are lyrical as well as erudite. A recently discovered manuscript provides additional insight into her life. She successfully ran a yeshiva which continued to produce serious scholars, including her son, whom she sent to Baghdad upon request, where he continued the dynasty of rabbinic scholars.


In addition, there are numerous stories about her, most of which have been found in amulets, which allude to her supernatural powers which should though be taken in the pinch of salt.

My own words: Working about Asenath Barzani was very interesting and I gained much information I hardly even knew about the once a very strong Kurdish-Jewish community in today's Kurdistan, thanks to a long phone conversation I had with Rabbi Isak and everybody in the Swedish group "Rörelse mot antisemitism" who helped me with any information, they could get. Also there were hardly any referense of how she looked like, so I kind of took a liberation giving her the most modest outfit I could, though Kurdish women historically and culturally never hidden their faces regardsless of religions. But if I one day find any trace of referense, I will definitely re-draw it again, if I had to! 


Sadly though the yevisha/synagouge no longer exist neither in Mosul nor in Amadiya, not even the trace of ruins, so in the picture, I used reference from the once giant powerful fortress in Amadiya, where Asenath died in arround 1635 or 1670, exact what date she died remains a mystery. 


 

 

 

 

 



Jews lived in thriving Kurdish communities for thousands of years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Jews of Kurdistan A Hundred Years Ago

By Walter J. Fischel 1944

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SABAT AL ISTAMBOLI 1867-1941
World's First 3 Female Doctors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KURDISH JUDAICA


PRESENTATION OF KURDISH JUDAICA
AT THE JEWISH MUSEUM IN STOCKHOLM

 

KURDISTANI JEWS BULLETINE 1978

TZADIK ZAKARIA

 

İLK İSRAİL SEFERİM - Goran Candan

 

 

 


Foundation For Kurdish Library & Museum