DUHOK

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Duhok yek ji bajarên Başûrê Kurdistanê ye, navenda parêzgeha Duhokê ye (herêma Badînan). Li gor hindek jêderan dîroka bajarê Duhokê vedigere 8000-12000 berî zayînê.
Gelek cihû jî li parêzgeha Duhokê hebûn lê di salên 1940an da hemû çûn Îsrailê. Duhok bajarek gelek spehî û rind e, li nav gelieykî di navbera du çiyayan de ye û du çem; Çemê Dihokê û çemê Hişke, di nav bajêr de diherikin. Duhok cîyeke stratejîkî ye û lii ser riya bazirganiyê bûye.

Têt gotin ku berê xala gumrikê bûye û l#e bac dähat wergirtin. Her karwanekî ku ji wê riyê derbas bibûya, diviya bac bidaya. Bac jî DU HOK bûn, ango DU MIST bûn. Lewra jê ra dibêjên Duhok (du + hok).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ala Kurdistanê boyax dike, Xwedê Wî star bike..

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Kurdistan doğası harika bir TABLO gibidir.

 

 

 


 

 

 

Duhok, Berwarî Bala

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AMERICAN UNIVERSITY OF KURDISTAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mustafa Barzani Building

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sersing di navbera Duhok û Amêdiyê de ye, 50 km li dûrî Duhokê ye

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Archaeologists uncover an ancient palace
of the Kurdish Mittani Empire in Southern Kurdistan

 

Kurdish and German archaeologists have uncovered a 3,400-year-old Bronze Age palace on the eastern bank of the Tigris River in one of the most important recent archeological finds in the region,

 

 

 

 

German-Kurdish research team came upon a surprising discovery as ruins emerge from the waters of the Tigris River.

The site of Kemune on the eastern Tigris can be dated to the time of the Mittani Empire, which dominated large parts of northern Mesopotamia and Syria from the 15th to the 14th century BCE.

The Mittani Empire is a kingdom of the Ancient Near East, but has not received the same levels of attention as other more significant ones. 

Last autumn, decreasing water levels in the Mosul Dam reservoir due to draughts unexpectedly brought to light remains of an ancient city.

The area had been flooded following the construction of the Mosul Dam in the mid-1980s.

Archeologists has already discovered the site in 2010, but were unable to excavate it.

The Mittani Empire is one of the least researched empires of the Ancient Near East

 

 

 

Almanya ve Kürdistan araştırmacıları, Dicle Nehri'nin Doğu Yakası'nda bulunan ve Kürd Mitani İmparatorluğu'na ait olan, 3600 yıllık ve 2000 metrekarelik
duvar resimleri ve bronz kubbeli bir sarayı keşfetti.

Bu keşfin sebebi, Musul'un kuzeyindeki kuraklık ve alt su tankı seviyelerinin düşmesidir.
Arkeologlar, kuraklık bitmeden önce keşif yerini tam incelemeden için birkaç hafta içinde sarayın tekrar su altında kalabileceğinden korkuyor.

 

 

 


Duhok’ta binlerce yıllık geçmişe sahip Mitaniler dönemine ait antik bir kent bulundu.
Kürdistan Bölgesi’nin Duhok kentinde, 3400 yıllık geçmişe sahip olduğu belirtilen Mitaniler dönemine ait antik bir şehir ortaya çıkarıldı.

Duhok Tarihi Eserleri Müdürlüğü sorumlusu Dr. Hasan Ahmed, düzenlediği basın toplantısında, “Dünya’da ve Duhok’ta ilk kez Mitani uygarlığına ait bir kent ortaya çıkarıldı. Arkeolog ve araştırmacılar, tarihi, milattan önce 1600’lere uzanan bu kentten büyük kazanım ve fayda sağlayacak” dedi.
Çok sayıda antik parça, el yazması ve çivi yazısı kalıntısının bulunduğu antik şehrin Dicle Nehri’nin doğu kıyısında kurulduğunu ve günümüzde Sêmêl ilçesi yakınlarına denk düştüğünü belirten Dr. Ahmed, burada çok sayıda büyük saray ve yapının kalıntılarına rastlandığını ifade etti.
Dr. Ahmed, Duhok Tarihi Eserler Müdürlüğü’nün Alman bilim insanları ile birlikte bu önemli keşfe imza attığını vurguladı.
Düzenlenen basın toplantısında antik kentte bulunan kalıntılar sergilendi.
Almanya’da da bu antik şehrin keşfiyle ilgili bir tanıtım konferansının gerçekleştirilmesi bekleniyor.

26.06.2019
(Kaynak BN)


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,000-Year Old Engraved Kurdistan Tablet Referring To
A Hellenistic Ruler Demetrius – Analyzed

 

AncientPages.com | December 14, 2020 | Archaeology, Artifacts, News

AncientPages.com | December 14, 2020 | Archaeology, Artifacts, News

 

Conny Waters - AncientPages.com - An ancient tablet dated back over 2,000 years was unearthed in Duhok province in northern Kurdistan in March this year, and recently, the artifact was carefully studied by experts.

Ahmed said that "an excavation team from Duhok Museum and Kurdistan Archaeology Organization in March found an antique tablet in Balyuz hills, ten kilometers west of Duhok city, inside the Semel district."

"After careful study, we found out that the stone tablet is engraved with Hellenistic script and dates back to 165 BC," the official added.

The engravings had been translated into Kurdish by researchers, who also concluded that the inscriptions refer specifically to Demetrius— a Hellenistic-era ruler of the region around the second century B.C.

The writing makes references to the period that followed the coming of Alexander the Great, who conquered much of the Middle East, and after his death in 323 BC, the Hellenistic period began to influence Mediterranean history, the process that continued to the emergence of the Roman Empire, as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC.

Duhok ("two mountains"), capital of the Duhok Governorate in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, at the crossroads of three countries: Iraq, Turkey, and Syria, plays an important role as a strategic gateway that connects Kurdistan to the outside world.

Left: Marble portrait bust of Demtetrios I of Macedon (Poliorcetes). Roman copy from 1st century AD of Greek original from 3rd century BC. source; Right: Engraved Kurdistan Tablet dated to more than 2,000 years. Image credit: Department of Antiquities in Kurdistan Region’s Duhok province.

Both the city and the surroundings have a population that consists mostly of Kurds, but also minority groups such as Chaldeans, Assyrians, Arabs, and Armenians, mixed in. Duhok is a melting pot of different cultures. Between the 25th and 22nd century BC, it changed hands between the Akkadians, Sumerians, Assyrians, Amorites, Gutians, Hurrians, and Hattians.

Later, it became an integral part of Assyria from the mid 21st century BC until the dissolution of Assyria. Churches can be found throughout the city, and holy Yazidi shrines are located in various parts of the Duhok province. Today, Duhok hosts ancient archaeological sites such as Charstwin Cave (Auskani Empire– 147-226 B. C.), Malta Hill (Assyrian Empire– 900 B.C.), and Halmata Cave (by the Assyrian King Sanharib– 704-681 B.C), to name a few.

Several historic sites have already been discovered in Erbil province, the region, to which the earliest historical reference dates to the Third Dynasty of Ur of Sumer when King Shulgi mentioned the city of Urbilum. The city of Erbil was later conquered by the Assyrians.

Earlier, Italian and Kurdish archaeologists working at an ancient site in the Kurdistan Region's Duhok province discovered 10 new rock reliefs showing the Assyrian ruler Sargon in the presence of the gods of Assyria, sculpted along a large rock-cut irrigation canal.

This discovery of the stone tablet engraved with Hellenistic script will pave the way for researchers to conduct further archaeological investigations in the Kurdistan Region, according to authorities.

Written by Conny Waters - AncientPages.com Staff Writer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KURDISH CITIES

 

 

 


Foundation For Kurdish Library & Museum