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"The ancestors of the Kurds can be traced at the EARLIEST, geographically predominantly in the Near East and Eurasia, outside of present-day Iran and northwest, the Neolithic Age clearly shows that it is the indigenous people of the Northern Fertile Crescent."
Hennerbichler 2004: Die Kurden, by Ferdinand Hennerbichler
SHANIDAR CAVE is an archeological site located in Bradost Mountain in Hewler (Erbil) province of Kurdistan Region. The remains of ten Neanderthals, dating from 35,000 to 65,000 years ago, haven been found during excavations inside the cave. It also contains two later "proto-Neolithic" cemeteries, one of which dates back about 10,600 years and contains the remains of 35 individuals. The best known of the Neanderthals are Shanidar 1, who survived several injuries during his life, possibly due to care from other members of his tribe, and Shanidar 4, whose body lay beside a flower that can either be explained as evidence of burial rituals or animal contamination.
The site is located within the Zagros Mountains and lies close to the Great Zabi river valley.
The ten Neanderthals at the site were found within a Mousterian layer which also contained hundreds of stone tools including points, side-scrapers, and flakes and bones from animals including wild goats and spur-thighted tortoises.
The first nine (Shanidar 1-9) were unearthed between 1957 and 1961 by Ralph Solecki and a team from Columbia University. The skeleton of Shanidar 3 is held at the Smithsonian Institution. The others (Shanidar 1,2, and 4-8) were kept in Iraq and may have been lost during the second Gulf war 2003, although casts remain at the Smithsonian. In 2006, while sorting a collection of faunal bones from the site at the Smithsonian, Melinda Zeder discovered a leg and foot bones from a tenth Neaderthal, now known as Shanidar.
One of Kurdistans caves HAZARMERD which has been residens for the neolitic people
Kurdistans caves giving protections for Kurdish freedom fighters
Kurdistans caves are protecting
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Dara li Mêrdînê
Şikeft û wargehên jiyanê yên kesnezan li Şirnexê ''Guclukonak'' li Çiyayê Gabarê
Kurdistan's Neolithic Caves saved humanity
Hesûnê/a li Farqînê (Foto: Mîkael Frölund)
Hesûnê/a li Farqînê
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SHANIDAR - A PREHISTOPRIC CLAN CAVE (Pictures 1971)
HESKÎF ('Hasankeyf') - HÎLAR - HESÛNÊ/A - DARA - CHAMI REZAN - BIRKILÊN-LICÊ - QIZQAPAN - SHANÎDAR - The oldest sanctuary for the humanity
HISTORICAL RUINS IN KURDISTAN