Dr Abdurahman Qasemlo
(December 22, 1930 - July 13, 1989)
Home | Destpêk | Ana Sayfa
December 22, 1930 – July 13, 1989
Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou
Born in, Urmia East Kurdistan, "Iran", he was instructed in a teological schooll. He was the son of Mohammad Vesugh, a wealthy landowning Kurdish Ahga. Ghassemlou started his university studies in France, and pursued them in Czechoslovakia, where he met his wife Helen Krulich. They had two daughters together, Mina (1953) and Hewa (1955). He was fluent in 11 languages including his mothertongue. He could read and write and speak and understand Kurdish, Persian, Arabic, Turkish, Azerbaijani, French, English, Russian, Czech and Slovak and was familiar with German.
Ghassemlou went back to Kurdistan in 1952, after completing his studies. He then spent several years as an active militant in the Kurdish political field. In 1973, during the Third Congress of the PDK, he was elected to the position of Secretary General of the party, a position to which he was re-elected several times until his assassination. In 1979, his party supported the revolution which ended in the fall of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi. The party bojcotted the referendum for the new constitution. This was the start of confrontation of the party and the new regime, which ended in a military oppression of the Kurdish people by the central government. The backwardly islamistic Ayatollah Khomeini declared a "holy war" on the "separatisttic Kurds". Thousands of executions and massacres followed in Kurdistan, which were continued up to 1984 in the middle of Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988).
Assassination and funerals
In 1988, after the war had ended, the Iranian government decided it was time to negotiate. Several meetings followed in Vienna, on December 28, December 30 and January 20. Another meeting was set up for July 13, again in Vienna. The Tehran delegation was Mohammed Jafar Sahraroudi and Hadji Moustafawi, except that this time there was also a third member : Amir Mansur Bozorgian whose function was that of bodyguard. The Kurds also had a three-man delegation : Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou, his aide Abdullah Ghaderi-Azar (member of the PDKI Central Committee) and Fadhil Rassoul, an Iraqi university professor who had acted as a mediator. The next day, 13 July 1989, in the very room where the negotiation took place Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou was killed by three bullets fired at very close range by the Iranian delegation members. His assistant Abdullah Ghaderi-Azar was hit by eleven bullets and Fadhil Rassoul by five. Hadji Moustafawi succeeded in escaping. Mohammad Jafar Sahraroudi received minor injuries and was taken to hospital, questioned and allowed to go. Amir Mansur Bozorgian was released after 24 hours in police custody and took refuge in the Iranian Embassy.
The PDKÎ Deputy Secretary General, Sadegh Sharafkandi, succeeded Ghassemlou as Secretary General (he was assassinated on September 17, 1992). Abdullah Ghaderi Azar and Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou were buried on July 20 in Paris at Pére Lachaise Cemetry.
DR ABDURAHMAN QASEMLO - Wikipedia
SHIVAN (Sait Kirmizitoprak)
CELADET BEDIR XAN
- QAZÎ MIHEMED
Foundation For Kurdish Library & Museum